Squat growth – Some observations and the validation of numerical predictions

May 18, 2011 in

    Journal Paper

    Zili Li
    Rolf Dollevoet
    Maria Molodova
    Xin Zhao

    DOI 10.1016/j.wear.2010.10.051


    Volume 271, Issue 1-2, Pages 148–157

    Publishing date: May 18, 2011


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    This paper presents evidences obtained by field monitoring, measurement and survey to show the validity of some numerical predictions about squat growth. The predictions concerns a postulated squat growth process, the relationship between the dynamic contact force and the corrugation-like wave pattern that often follows squats, the high frequency wheel–rail interaction related to squats, and the influence of tangential force on squat growth. The observations reveal signature tunes of squats which may be used for early detection of squats, show the necessity to include high frequency dynamic wheel–rail interaction in squat-related analyses, and provide evidence of relationship between rolling stock performance and squat initiation and growth. In validating the numerical results the model is also verified for its applicability to analyses of squat-related problem and other problems similar in nature. The model can be employed for the solution of three-dimensional frictional rolling contact problems. It can also be used for analyses of loading conditions of wheel–rail contact at short wave defects, and the associated damages such as wear, plastic deformation, fatigue and corrugation.